The Puritans’ History
They founded Puritanism in 16th-century England, which was a radical type of protestant Christianity and an extreme religious movement within the Church of England that existed during the 16th-century. They argued that the church had not undergone sufficient transformations following the English Reformation. It was their opinion that the Church of England retained many characteristics that were similar to those of the Roman Catholic Church The Puritans argued that the reform process had had only a little impact on the doctrines and structure of the church, and that hence additional measures were required. Observers noted that bishops continued to live as if they were princes, despite the persistence of corruption in ecclesiastical tribunals. They hoped to “purify” the church by lobbying for the abolition of all Catholic influences, including ceremonies and traditions. They were successful because of the efforts of others.
The puritans first arrived in England shortly after James the first was crowned king of England in early 1603. The puritans were vocal in their support for a number of reforms, such as the abolition of the Bishops, all of which were rejected by King James I. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the puritan movement would obtain a greater amount of support from the general public. It was during this time period that the Puritans gained notoriety for their harsh stance toward the religious colonies established by Queen Elizabeth I. They were mostly graduates of Cambridge University, and they advocated for considerable reforms in their respective Anglican parishes and cathedrals. The Puritans emphasized a real religious experience accompanied by moral behavior that was above reproach, as well as placing the Bible at the heart of all worship.
From individuals such as William Ames and Richard Baxter, the movement received even greater support in its early years of existence in the seventeenth century. There has also been an increase in the level of opposition from the government and catholic supporters, particularly Archbishop William Laud. This resulted in a substantial number of Puritans being forced to relocate. The pilgrims who established the Plymouth Colony in 1620 were among those who perished. Approximately ten years later, the first and most significant puritan migration to New England took place. When the Puritans arrived in Boston, they immediately founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Despite the hardships of life in Boston, the Puritans were able to live and worship as they wished without interference. Every aspect of their worship was focused completely on the Bible, and they kept their worship services as basic as possible. There were no organs or instruments allowed, and all of their songs were performed a cappella.
Puritanism progressively faded away over time, although the precise point at which this occurred is still a mystery to this day. Some historians believe that Puritanism had lost its impact in New England by the beginning of the 18th century, while others believe that the change took place gradually over time. Even as late as the early 1800s, however, there were multiple attempts to revive the puritan methods in other religions under the leadership of Presbyterian leader Jonathan Dickinson and Baptist leader Isaac Backus, among others. By the nineteenth century, Puritanism had almost completely faded away. Nonetheless, the effect may be seen indirectly during the colonial period in a variety of ways, such as the focus placed on the importance of education in religious leadership during the period.

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