Impaired physical mobility care plan
Impaired physical immobility is the inability to physically move from one place to another. It can either be temporary, recurring or permanent. It is caused by several conditions such as old age, stroke, and spinal cord injury. Old age reduces muscle mass and strength. It weakens the joints and jeopardizes the ability to move.
The format for developing an immobility physical mobility care plan varies depending on the institution. Most plans begin with conducting a nursing diagnosis. The signs and symptoms of impaired physical immobility include the inability to move around, inability to perform actions as authorized and hesitance to attempt movement. There are three levels of physical immobility. The first level is a situation whereby the patient requires equipment to move. The second level is when one needs assistance from another person to move around and the third one is when the person is completely dependent. They cannot move around on their own.
After the diagnosis, the second step is to determine the intervention. There are various types of interventions such as therapy, giving medication, proper nutrition, and providing a good environment for the patient. To identify the type of therapy to offer you first have to identify the barrier that is causing physical immobility. The nutritional needs. Ability to use assistive devices and emotional response to immobility. Some people tend to get depressed because of their condition.
Give the patient the right nutrition. This is essential as it generates the energy required during exercise. The goal of the nursing intervention is to restore the patient’s ability to move around and act independently. To ensure patients use safety measures to minimize injuries. To increase the ability to move around or to use assistive devices such as crutches and wheelchairs.
The nursing intervention may require cooperation between various health care professionals. Give the proper medication to the patient. Assist the patient in regular exercises to strengthen the joints and improve balance. Provide a safe and secure environment and ensure all the things that the patient may need are within their reach. Provide a kinetic therapy bed to reduce pressure on the skin and put the bed in the down position. Clean the skin regularly and dry it, to prevent pressure ulcers. Give positive reinforcement to the patient and let them move at their own pace, positive reinforcement increases their self-esteem. Impaired physical immobility care plan guides on the diagnosis, assessments and nursing interventions given to patients who cannot move around independently.