‘-Review the Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation Analysis Template provided.
-Select an existing healthcare program or policy evaluation or choose one of interest to you.
-Review community, state, or federal policy evaluation and reflect on the criteria used to measure the effectiveness of the program or policy described
Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation Analysis
Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation The selected healthcare policy is Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act of 2013.
Description The 113th United States Congress enacted the policy. The policy’s objective is to amend the Public Health Service Act and prepare the country and healthcare workers in the event of a pandemic (Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act, 2013). It clarifies the roles of various health officials and the response mechanisms during a pandemic.
How was the success of the program or policy measured?
The preparedness and response measure the success of the program during a pandemic. The government’s response to the pandemic, including providing vaccination and assigning roles to various healthcare workers (Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act, 2013). The success is in terms of the number of healthcare workers assigned various roles and patients treated or discharged.
How many people were reached by the program or policy selected? How much of an impact was realized with the program or policy selected? In the 2018-19 season, the government vaccinated nearly a third of adults against influenza in the United States. CDC reports that 65,014,028 specimens were tested since March 1 (CDC, 2020). The impact of the massive tests is controlling the spread of the pandemic. The vaccination against influenza significantly reduced the number of hospitalizations and deaths.
What data was used to conduct the program or policy evaluation?
The data used in evaluating the program was from the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The two are important in analyzing the spread of disease and develop countermeasures to curb the spread (Sen-Crowe et al., 2020). The data was derived from public and private healthcare facilities across all the states.
What specific information on unintended consequences were identified? The policy’s unintended consequence is that the government will spend more money on developing protective measures during a pandemic. The cost will include compensation of healthcare workers and the public for the negative economic measures (Sen-Crowe et al., 2020). For example, the current pandemic strains the healthcare system due to a shortage of healthcare workers, medical supplies, and equipment to treat patients.
What stakeholders were identified in the evaluation of the program or policy? Who would benefit most from the results and reporting of the program or policy evaluation? Be specific and provide examples
The stakeholders identified in the evaluation include healthcare agencies, state and local healthcare facilities, and healthcare workers (Murthy et al., 2017).
The healthcare agencies, healthcare workers, and hospitals will benefit from the reporting of the policy evaluation. For example, the information will provide insights to the healthcare agencies on the measures they can take to prevent loss of lives (Murthy et al., 2017). The CDC and HHS have learned lessons during the pandemic that mass testing can help prevent the disease’s spread.
Did the program or policy meet the original intent and objectives? Why or why not?
The policy has met the original intentions and objectives. The reasons include the ability of the HHS and CDC to respond promptly to the spread of disease. The two measures are important in curtailing the effects of pandemics or infectious diseases in the country. For example, testing over 65 million people is essential in preventing the disease’s negative impact on the public (CDC, 2020). Urgent and timely responses contribute to better health outcomes.
Would you recommend implementing this program or policy in your place of work? Why or why not? I would recommend the implementation of the policy in the workplace. The reason is that during the pandemic, healthcare workers and pharmacists are essential in taking care of patients. The policy recommends that pharmacists attain a certain threshold to administer vaccines (Sen-Crowe et al., 2020). Implementation of the policy at the workplace will ensure all pharmacists and interns can attain the threshold. Attaining the threshold is crucial in the preparedness for vaccination efforts once a vaccine is authorized.
Identify at least two ways that you, as a nurse advocate, could become involved in evaluating a program or policy after one year of implementation.
A nurse advocate can be involved in evaluating the policy. I will check the statistics to know the number of people affected by the pandemic and other infectious diseases. I will examine the number of people who were tested or vaccinated. The response and preparedness of the healthcare workers during the pandemic. An examination of the preparedness during the COVID-19 pandemic is a classic evaluation.
General Notes/Comments The government and healthcare agencies should take proactive measures to develop agile response mechanisms to alleviate the spread of an infectious disease. The policy should advocate for the massive deployment of testing kits and healthcare workers to avoid the delays in the release of results during a pandemic.
CDC. (2020) Cases and deaths in USA. Center for Disease Control. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html
Murthy, B. P., Molinari, N. A. M., LeBlanc, T. T., Vagi, S. J., & Avchen, R. N. (2017). Progress in public health emergency preparedness—United States, 2001–2016. American Journal of Public Health, 107(S2), S180-S185.
Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act. (2013). “H.R. 307 — 113th Congress. www.GovTrack.us. 2019. October 4, 2020,
Sen-Crowe, B., McKenney, M., & Elkbuli, A. (2020). Public health prevention and emergency preparedness funding in the United States: Are we ready for the next pandemic?. Annals of Medicine and Surgery, 59, 242.