EXAM BEGINNING
Question 1
Part 1: List Iris Marion Young’s ‘five faces of oppression’ (1 mark)
Part 2: Choose one (1) of Iris Marion Young’s ‘faces of oppression’. Provide a definition of the ‘face of oppression’ you have chosen and explain one way it is being experienced or is apparent in contemporary Australian society. (4 marks)
Question 2
Part 1: List three (3) characteristics of ‘gay villages’ according to Levine 1979 (1 mark)
Part 2: Identify four (4) social, economic and/or political benefits of ‘gay villages’ (4 marks)
Benefit 1 (1 mark)
Benefit 2 (1 mark)
Benefit 3 (1 mark)
Benefit 4 (1 mark)
Question 3
Part 1: What is Islamophobia? (Provide a definition – 1 mark)
Part 2: Identify and describe one example of how Islamophobia is manifest in Australian cities (4 marks)
Question 4
The reading Andersen,M.J., Williamson, A.B., Fernando, P., Eades, S. & Redman, S. (2018) ‘-They took the land, now we’re fighting for a house-: Aboriginal perspectives about urban housing disadvantage’, Housing Studies, 33:4, 635-660 uses Aboriginal perspectives to understand why housing disadvantage is occurring in Western Sydney. From these perspectives, five (5) key reasons for housing disadvantage are identified. They are: racism, poverty, neighbourhood marginalisation, insufficient government response, and disempowerment Five (5) key reasons for housing disadvantage are identified based on these perspectives. Racism, poverty, neighborhood marginalization, insufficient government response, and disempowerment are among them.
Using the reading, describe one way Aboriginal Australians are affected by each of the reasons for housing disadvantage. Please do not simply copy and paste quotes from participants. (5 marks).
An example of racism
Using the reading, describe one way Aboriginal Australians experience each reason for housing disadvantage. Note: Do not simply copy/paste participants’ quotes. (5 marks).
Racism example (1 mark)

Poverty example (1 mark)
Neighbourhood marginalisation example (1 mark)
Insufficient government response example (1 mark)
Disempowerment example (1 mark)
Question 5
Part 1: List the four (4) spaces of resource mobilisation according to the spaces of wellbeing framework (1 mark)
Part 2: Using the spaces of wellbeing framework, identify four (4) examples of how we can facitlitate older people’s wellbeing in our cities/urban spaces (4 marks)
Example 1 (1 mark)
Example 2 (1 mark)
Example 3 (1 mark)
Example 4 (1 mark)
Question 6
Identify one example of digital social inequality in Australia and explain how it impacts different social groups in Australia (5 marks)
Question 7
Identify and describe one example of gender inequality evident in urban societies and environments. In your response, make reference to the concept that sustains the gender inequality you have identified (5 marks).
Question 8
In light of what you have learnt this semester, provide a reflection on:
• why learning about social difference and how it is manifest spatially is important
• how you will apply your learning in your everyday life and in your future careers
• Use specific examples to justify your points. (5 marks)
END OF EXAM PAPER

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